Uganda

HR and HR Software Guide

Country Overview

Uganda has ample natural resources including deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals, recently discovered oil, and regular rainfall. Agriculture is a major sector of the economy, employing one-third of the workforce. Coffee is a principal contributor to export revenues.

Public infrastructure investment, improvements in the services sector, mainly in trade, banking, information and communication technology, transport, and recovery in manufacturing and construction are expected to drive economic growth.

Currency: Ugandan Shilling

Principal Language: English, Swahili, Bantu, Central Sudanic, and Nilotic

Government: Democracy, Republic, Presidential System, Semi-presidential System

Capital City:  Kampala

Major Provinces:  Nansana, Kira Town, Mbarara

The maximum workweek is 48 hours. Employees may work in excess of 48 hours, but working hours must not exceed 10 hours a day or 56 hours a week. Working hours must not exceed 10 hours a day or 56 hours a week for shift workers over a 3-week period.

Overtime

Overtime rate:

  • 5 times the regular hourly pay for work done on normal days
  • 2 times the regular hourly pay for work done on gazette public holidays

Holidays

 The following public holidays are observed in Uganda:

  • New Year’s Day – January 1
  • NRM Victory day – January 26
  • Bishop Janan Luwum Day – February 16
  • International Women’s Day – March 8
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday
  • Labor Day – May 1
  • Martyrs’ Day – June 3
  • Eid al-Fitr
  • National Heroes Day – June 9
  • Eid al Adha
  • Independence Day – October 9
  • Christmas Day – December 25
  • Boxing Day – December 26

Annual Leave
Employees are entitled to a minimum of 21 days’ annual leave each year.

Sick Leave 
Employees are allowed to take up to 2 months’ sick leave and are entitled to full pay for the 1st month only. The employer may terminate the employment contract if the employee is absent for 2 consecutive months.

Maternity/Parental Leave and Pay
Pregnant employees are entitled to 60 days’ paid maternity leave, of which at least 4 weeks must be taken post childbirth. Male employees are entitled to 4 days’ paid paternity leave. Female employees cannot be terminated during maternity leave period or for any reasons related to their pregnancy.

Pension & Social Security

Old-Age Benefits: A lump sum of contribution (employee and employer) plus accrued interest is paid. Interest rate adjustment: the interest rate is based on the National Social Security Fund’s rate of return and set after consulting Minister of Finance, Planning, and Economic Development.

Permanent Disability Benefits

Disability Benefit: A lump sum of contribution (employee and employer) plus accrued interest is paid.

Interest Rate Adjustment: The interest rate is based on the National Social Security Fund’s rate of return and set after consulting Minister of Finance, Planning, and Economic Development.

Survivor Benefits

Survivor Benefit: A lump sum of contribution (employee and employer) plus accrued interest is paid.

Interest Rate Adjustment: the interest rate is based on the National Social Security Fund’s rate of return and set after consulting Minister of Finance, Planning, and Economic Development.

Workers’ Compensation 

Temporary Disability Benefits: The benefit is provided as a lump sum or over periods. The amount is based on the assessed degree of disability, circumstances of the accident, probable duration of the disability, and the loss of earnings. The benefit is provided for a maximum of 96 months and can be extended post a medical examination.

Permanent Disability Benefits: A lump sum of 60 months’ earnings (maximum) is paid to the insured individuals assessed with a total disability.

Constant-Attendance Supplement: The insured receive 25% of the permanent disability benefit if they need constant attendance of others to carry out daily functions.

Partial Disability: A specific percentage of the total benefit is paid based on the assessed degree of disability.

Workers’ Medical Benefits: Benefits include surgical, medical, and nursing care; medicine; and hospitalization.

Survivor Benefits: A lump sum of deceased’s 60 months earnings (maximum) is paid, minus 50% of the value disability benefits paid to the deceased for the accident before death. Fully dependent survivors receive the full benefit. In the absence of eligible survivors, the employer is required to pay expenses for medical care deceased used to receive, and the cost of the funeral.

Retirement in Uganda:The official age of normal retirement in Uganda is 55 years which is a policy rather than a Legal matter as it is not provided in Law. There is no early retirement age in Law or by practice in Uganda.

Simplify workforce management in Uganda with Mihi HR Software.

  • Accelerate employee onboarding with established workflows and guided processes that allow your new employees to hit the ground running from day one.
  • Improve employee time tracking and leave management while ensuring compliance with local labor laws and work-time regulations.
  • Store, manage, and track employee data on a single, secure system. Improve access and visibility, while built-in guidelines help you maintain legal compliance and audit readiness.
  • Turn workforce data into actionable insights with extensive HR reporting and analytics. Make better, more informed decisions and accurately assess the status of your global teams.
  • Provide your employees with the support they need with 24/7 access to our Employee Helpdesk.
  • One HR software for your global needs
  • Ensured compliance with in-country employment and labor laws
  • Connectivity and integrations with ERP and Payroll systems
  • Better workforce data and increased visibility of global teams
  • Supporting 170+ countries and localized in 17+ languages
  • Improved employee experience with employee self-service functionality and 24/7 employee support

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