HR and HR Software Guide
Angola (officially the Republic of Angola) is a country located in south-eastern Africa with a significant coastline in the Atlantic Ocean. The country is rich in oil and gas resources, agricultural land, diamonds, and hydroelectric potential. Since its civil war ended in 2002, it grew at an exceptional rate of 11.1% till 2010, after which the growth has halted, but major oil corporations still operate in the country. Foreign trade is important for Angola’s economy as the total value of imports and exports is equal to 57.6% of the country’s GDP.
Currency: Angolan Kwanza
Principal Language: Portuguese, Angolan Portuguese
Government: Republic, Presidential System, Unitary State
Capital City: Luanda
Other Major Cities: Huambo, Lobito, Lubango, Kuito
The maximum workweek is 44 hours a week. The workweek may be extended up to 54 hours for shift work or flexible hours. Sunday is the usual day of rest. Employers are also required to allow lunch breaks for at least 1 hour and daily rest periods of at least 10 hours.
Overtime pay must include a premium of 150% of the regular hourly wage for the first 30 hours of overtime per month, and 175% for additional hours. Overtime is limited to 200 hours a year and may only be extended with prior authorization of the General Labor Inspectorate. Night work, which is defined as the period between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., generally includes a premium of 125% of the rate paid for the same work performed during the day.
The paid public holidays observed in Angola are:
- Jan. 1: New Year’s Day
- Feb. 4: Liberation Movement Day
- March 8: International Women’s Day
- April 4: Peace Day
- May 1: Labor Day
- Sept. 17: National Heroes Day
- Nov. 2: Memorial Day
- Nov. 11: Independence Day
- Dec. 25: Christmas Day
When a holiday falls on a Sunday, the work holiday is moved to the following Monday.
An employee is entitled to 22 working days per calendar year of paid leave plus a bonus of 50% of 1 month’s base wages. Working mothers receive an additional paid day of leave for each child aged 14 or under.
Angola treats sick leave and family care leave as a single unit. An employee is allowed 3 days per month of leave, up to a maximum of 24 days per year.
Paid Parental Leave
Maternity leave of 3 months is provided to women who have made a minimum of 6 months of contributions into the social security system during the previous 12 months. Leave begins 4 weeks before the due date. A father can take 1 day of leave when his child is born.
Maternity leave of 12 weeks is mandatory for women who have made a minimum of 6 months’ contributions into the social security system during the previous 12 months. Leave begins 4 weeks before the due date.
An additional 4 weeks of leave may be taken without pay, and paid leave can be extended in the case of an abortion, stillbirth, and child’s death during maternity leave. During the pregnancy and for 15 months after delivery, the employee may take 1 day’s paid leave per month for medical care for herself or her child.
- Military Service Leave: 2 days per month up to a maximum of 15 days per year.
- Education Leave: Unpaid leave for 60 days of education or training.
- Marriage Leave: 8 consecutive days to get married.
- Bereavement Leave: 8 days for the death of a spouse, cohabiting partner, parent, or child and 3 days for the death of a grandparent, in-law, sibling, grandchild, or any of their spouses.
Pension and Social Security
Both employees and employers make mandatory contributions to the social security system to cover:
- benefits for maternity leave and pregnancy,
- occupational accidents and illness;
- old age and retirement pensions;
- disability benefits;
- death benefits; and
- benefits for survivors and dependents.
Workers are entitled to retire at 60 years of age or after 35 years of service with 180 months of contributions, continuous or not, into the social security system. Pensions are paid monthly.
Workers in dangerous, hazardous, or stressful occupations are entitled to early retirement at age 50 with 180 months of contributions, continuous or not, into the social security system.
The retirement age of a working mother may be reduced by 1 year for each child up to a maximum of five.
Both employees and employers make mandatory contributions to the social security system to cover occupational accidents and illness, disability benefits, death benefits and benefits for survivors and dependents.
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